Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a heart condition that causes the heart to beat faster for a reason other than physical exertion or illness. While many people with the condition are able to lead normal lives with little or no symptoms, some people experience severe symptoms that limit their ability to work or care for themselves. These individuals have a long-term disability that may make them completely unable to work.
When a person is unable to work due to disability, the individual may be eligible to receive social security disability insurance (SSDI) benefits. These benefits are intended to help people pay for their necessities when they are unable to earn an income. While the insurance program is managed by the federal government, it is funded by paycheck deductions. People who have worked throughout their lives have paid into SSDI, and applying for benefits simply allows disabled individuals to access the insurance benefits that they have accrued over time.
What is SVT ( Supraventricular Tachycardia ) ?
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a disorder that is present when the electrical impulse in a person’s heart causes it to beat much faster than normal when they are not stressed, ill or exerting themselves physically. The heart beats at a rate between 100 and 300 times per minute when this condition is active. Episodes can end without medical intervention, but some people require treatment to get the heart to beat at a normal rate again.
People who take medications with stimulants in them are more likely to develop SVT. Treatment options include medication and vagal maneuvers. Vagal maneuvers like intentionally gagging or coughing may help to slow the heartbeat. Ongoing SVT episodes typically require the sufferer to take medication on a daily basis, and some sufferers undergo a procedure known as a catheter ablation in order to lessen the severity and frequency of episodes.
Many people who suffer from Supraventricular Tachycardia are not aware that they have the condition because of a lack of symptoms. Symptoms are usually present when SVT episodes are frequent and ongoing. Episodes can also last a long time, and a sustained rapid heartbeat will cause more symptoms to occur.
These symptoms include:
- Heart palpitations
- A pounding pulse
- A lightheaded feeling
People who have a more severe and ongoing case of Supraventricular Tachycardia may experience:
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Tightness in the throat
- Sweating during episodes
Supraventricular Tachycardia Causes
While SVT may be caused by other conditions such as Thyroid disease, lung disease, or another heart condition, other factors can contribute to this condition. The other SVT Causes can include:
- Asthma medications
- Cold and allergy medications
- The consumption of too much alcohol
- The use of drugs
- Too much caffeine
Some of the less obvious causes of Supraventricular Tachycardia may be related to physical exertion, stress, or lack of sleep. Pregnancy can also cause an episode of SVT.
Types of SVT
When it comes to Supraventricular Tachycardia, there are several types. The symptoms for each are typically the same, but the treatment is different based on the type of SVT. Here are a few types of SVT:
- Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia (AVNRT): This is the most common type of SVT. It occurs in the upper chamber of the heart and is due to an additional connection within or close to the Atrioventricular Node. Changes to the nervous system is a main cause of AVNRT. So any stress, exertion, or other changes to the nervous system can set off an episode.
- Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT): This type of SVT Causes the heart to beat rapidly in a particular part of the heart – specifically, between the atrium and ventricles. An episode can begin without warning and end just as abruptly. Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia occurs when there is an issue with the Atrioventricular Node. This could be caused by a number of factors, but could be exacerbated with smoking, alcohol, caffeine, or drug use.
- Sinus Tachycardia: This type of Supraventricular Tachycardia is a rare form of the condition. While the other types of SVT are typically due to an abnormal condition within the electrical system of the heart, people with Sinus Tachycardia don’t have an apparent condition of the heart. Typically, an outside factor like pain, excessive exercise, hyperthyroid, or a fever can affect the sinoatrial node of the heart, which may cause an episode.
For some, treatment may not be necessary if SVT symptoms present themselves once or are infrequent. However, if episodes persist, treatment may be required. Keep in mind that SVT Treatment varies from person to person. Treatment for SVT may include:
- Catheter Ablation: This procedure eliminates the part of the heart that’s causing the SVT episodes by using a catheter. This treatment is the suggested course of action for those who have frequent episodes.
- Medication: Medicine is typically prescribed when people experience mild to moderate episodes. Adenosine for SVT may be given by injection if someone is admitted to the hospital after having an episode, but Beta-Blockers may be a suitable treatment if episodes are infrequent.
- Vagal Maneuvers: There are certain maneuvers that can be performed to quickly relieve a Supraventricular Tachycardia episode. These maneuvers typically include stimulating specific parts of the body in an effort to stop an episode.
- Lifestyle Changes: Since some lifestyle choices like smoking, stress, and alcohol consumption can be causes of Supraventricular Tachycardia, doctors may suggest changes to your lifestyle as a course of treatment.
Since treatment is related to a specific type of SVT, it’s best to consult a doctor to get the most effective course of action.
Can You Get Disability For Supraventricular Tachycardia?
The Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a listing of recognized disabilities, and SVT is covered under the Adult – Cardiovascular listing. In order to qualify for SSDI benefits in relation to SVT Heart, applicants must prove that they meet the eligibility requirements found under this listing.
The first step in the application process is to be diagnosed with a disability. Applicants must seek treatment from a licensed medical professional on a regular basis, and it is essential for this medical provider to record symptoms, treatment methods and complications.
Supraventricular Tachycardia can be temporary in nature, and people who only have the condition for a short period of time are not eligible for SSDI benefits. Because of this requirement, it is necessary for an ongoing medical record to be established. This medical record provides evidence that the sufferer is expected to experience symptoms of SVT for at least one year.
In addition to these basic requirements, people who have disabilities related to the heart are usually required to undergo cardiovascular tests. These tests include an exercise tolerance test and various medical imaging tests. While these tests may be completed as part of the diagnosis and treatment process, there are times when an individual is ordered to schedule tests by the SSA in order to better prove that a disability makes it impossible for the person to work.
Getting Help From an Attorney
Navigating the complicated process of applying for SSDI benefits is stressful and often frustrating for the individual who needs these benefits to pay for housing, food and other necessities. Experienced legal professionals are able to assist with this process to increase the chances that a person will be approved for these much-needed benefits. Our team of attorneys have the experience and knowledge needed to advise our clients during the application process, and assist with gathering evidence to submit with the final application. If you need to apply for SSDI benefits, or need help filing an appeal, please contact us today.